with Pope Alexander II in the papal election of 1061. " cceo, Canon 2728.". 316 A growing sense of church-state conflicts marked the 14th century. These are in turn interpreted by the Magisterium (from magister, Latin for "teacher the church's teaching authority, which is exercised by the pope and the College of Bishops in union with the pope, the bishop of Rome. 381 John Paul sought to evangelise an increasingly secular world. 144 The Catechism of the Catholic Church categorises the sacraments into three groups, the "sacraments of Christian initiation "sacraments of healing" and "sacraments at the service of communion and the mission of the faithful". These, however, also retained the term, giving it, for the most part, a wider and more ideal or absolute sense, as the attribute of no single community, but only of the whole communion of the saved and saintly in all churches and ages. 213 These liturgical rites have an antiquity of at least 200 years before 1570, the date of Pope Pius V's Quo primum, and were thus allowed to continue. Regarding Peter as the first Bishop of Rome, "It is not, however, difficult to show that the fact of his Peter's bishopric is so well attested as to be historically certain. 96 This belief is expressed in the Filioque clause which was added to the Latin version of the Nicene Creed of 381 but not included in the Greek versions of the creed used in Eastern Christianity. This led to the Investiture Controversy between the church and the Holy Roman Emperors, over which had the authority to appoint bishops and popes. 76 The terms "religious order" and "religious institute" tend to be used as synonyms colloquially. 12 The Torch 352 metres (1,155 ft) The Torch tower became the tallest residential building in the world in 2011. 34 The current pope, Francis, was elected on by papal conclave. 122 Catholicism teaches that through God's mercy a person can repent at any point before death, be illuminated with the truth of the Catholic faith, and thus obtain salvation.